Inchcape chief sees emissions ‘fast track’ amid regulatory crackdown
The adoption of alternative fuels by the global fleet to meet the 2030 emissions reduction goal will be very challenging in such a short time, says Inchcape’s Frank Olsen. The industry should also focus on achieving more immediate emissions gains
SHIPPING should pick ‘low-hanging fruit’ in its efforts to clean up its act, in response to recent International Maritime Organization and European Union regulatory pressure for decarbonisation, according to Inchcape Shipping Services’ chief executive Frank Olsen.
“The stark reality is [that] the massive adoption of alternative fuels required by the global fleet to meet the 2030 emissions reduction goal will be very challenging in such a short time frame,” he says.
“Therefore, the industry also needs to focus on other areas to achieve more immediate emissions gains such as speed reduction, port call collaboration, improved logistics and digitalisation. This is the low-hanging fruit that can make a real difference in the short term.”
Mr Olsen’s advice follows the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee’s June 2021 adoption of key technical and operational measures intended to curb the industry’s carbon footprint — mainly the Energy Efficiency Existing Ship Index (EEXI), Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP), and Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII) rating scheme — scheduled for implementation in 2023.
The EU has subsequently proposed to extend the Emissions Trading System (ETS) to shipping for the first time, which would make ships sailing in European waters liable for their emissions through purchases of carbon allowances under a planned phase-in of the scheme from 2023 to 2026.
The ETS proposal therefore adds a commercial imperative for shipowners aside from the regulatory requirements to meet the IMO’s target for a 40% reduction in carbon intensity from a 2008 baseline by 2030, and 70% by mid-century, towards an overall goal of halving emissions from shipping by 2050.
Mr Olsen says both technical and operational measures can be adopted to cut fuel consumption and thereby reduce emissions, such as improving energy efficiency through engine power limitation to curb vessel speed, and facilitating right-time arrival to expedite port calls more effectively.
His view is corroborated by an earlier study from Dutch consultancy CE Delft that affirmed the 2030 target can be met “only with measures that change operational practices” and that “speed reduction has the greatest potential to reduce emissions” in the short term.
Rush to wait
A key area for improvement is port call collaboration with more information-sharing among stakeholders to enable a vessel to arrive at port at the right time when cargo-handling capacity is available, as well as other services such as bunkering, provisions and maintenance, according to Mr Olsen.
Mr Olsen believes increased interaction between parties involved in port calls — including port authorities, shipowners, ship agents, different cargo interests and service suppliers — is vital for end-to-end voyage optimisation to reduce port gridlock.
Cruise vessels, for example, can be a source of pollution due to port congestion, but this could be alleviated through realistic destination capacity limits (vessel and people limits), enhanced collaboration between the cruise lines and destinations, and overall greater usage of the wide diversity of destinations available globally to avoid multiple ships calling to the same port, on the same day, during the same season, according to Inchcape’s global sector head for the cruise industry Grant Holmes.
Improved cruise itinerary planning and shorter voyages between islands could also contribute to reduced emissions.
“We need data transparency and an efficient way of sharing information across a neutral platform to co-ordinate port calls,” Mr Olsen says, adding that greater digitalisation with communication across shared platforms is necessary to achieve that.
“Right now, there is too much silo thinking where parties are not willing to share information that they think may give them a competitive advantage.”
He adds: “It’s all about thinking holistically to bring together all the relevant information,” so the “giant puzzle” of port calls can work effectively.
Mr Olsen also wants to see more ‘cold ironing’ facilities at ports by which vessels can connect to shore-based renewable power to curb their fuel usage.
Furthermore, he says, there need to be contractual safeguards for shipowners and charterers to incentivise right-time arrival at ports, such as flexibility on demurrage charges and bill of lading obligations, in the event of delayed arrival due to reduced speed.
Similarly, Mr Olsen believes there must be a regulatory regime of incentives and penalties to reward the right type of behaviour among players across the value chains.
“Acting in a sustainable way should also attract a market premium,” he says.