From the News Desk: Car carriers struggle as demand plummets
While pure car and truck carriers have been battling weak market conditions since the 2009 financial crisis, the coronavirus pandemic has heightened the pressure on the sector as operators struggle to cope with declining cargo volumes
UP TO 200 pure car and truck carriers are thought to be idle currently and that figure would represent more than a quarter of PCTCs in the global fleet.
It should be stressed that the exact amount of idle tonnage is difficult to estimate accurately given the market is dominated by just a handful of operators, often with close links to automobile manufacturers, but evidence suggests that the sector is experiencing severe difficulties.
The UK Major Ports Group calculates that the number of vehicles being imported or exported through some of the country’s biggest ports was down 85% in the final week of April compared with the same seven-day period in 2019.
One of the major problems is of course that car showrooms in many countries are still closed, which has meant that ports that handle car throughput are clogged up with vehicles that cannot be moved on.
Cars, vans and other vehicles that are being stored in port facilities at ABP’s Immingham and Southampton, Peel Ports’ Liverpool and Medway sites, the ports of Bristol, and Tyne, plus elsewhere, were up 104%, while almost nothing was being transported to car dealerships.
On the Atlantic, one of the smaller trades for PCTCs, most operators have blanked sailings, according to industry sources.
In some cases, weekly services have been reduced to monthly, while others appear to have suspended sailings altogether, although few of the major players are prepared to comment on their PCTC operations right now.
“Conditions were already challenging for PCTC operators before the coronavirus outbreak, with worldwide sales of finished vehicles softening, particularly in developed markets,” Martin Dixon, head of research products at Drewry, said last week.
“While we expect the reopening of assembly plants and consumption economies to provide some employment for the fleet, the outlook remains very uncertain with considerable headwinds.”
Japan’s Mitsui OSK Lines operated the largest number of PCTCs in 2019, with 68 vessels, followed by NYK Line, and Hyundai Glovis, according to Clarkson Research’s Car Carrier Trade and Transport report. Other operators include Eukor Car Carriers, Hoegh Autoliners, K Line, and Grimaldi, as well as Wallenius Wilhelmsen.
NYK Line reported its full year earnings on Monday, with a ¥31.1bn ($288.7m) net profit announced, but warned that tough times lie ahead and the April-June period is likely to be the worst.
It predicted no recurring profit in the year ahead with an impact of of ¥50bn to ¥60bn expected as a result of the pandemic. For the car transportation division year on year decline of about 50% in cargo volumes is expected in the first quarter of the 2021 financial year.
“Based on an analysis of global vehicle sales and production trends, cargo volumes are currently expected to gradually recover from the second quarter of the year, but the level of recovery will likely vary by country and region,” said NYK, adding as part of fleet optimisation efforts, it is considering the sale or scrapping of existing vessels.
Of the few bright spots for the sector, analysts point to the low new orderbook for new PCTC vessels – just 24 in the pipeline currently, representing just 3.4% of the total fleet, according to Clarkson Research – and Scandinavian operator Wallenius Wilhelmsen recently revealing plans to recycle some vessels and place up to 10 in cold layup.
Also, car sales in 2021 are expected to pick up but it is unlikely to be enough to compensate for the market shock to be seen this year.
LMC Automotive, a vehicle industry forecaster, predicts demand to drop to 70.6m units from 90.3m in 2019. Demand in Europe is set to decline 26.5% to 15m units, while in South America it will fall by 43.9%, according to the forecast.
China will be spared the worst, with a decline of 12% in 2020, while in India sales are expected to fall by half, taking the Asia-Pacific total decline to 17.3%.
North America is forecast to drop 22.3% to 15.7m units this year. The US and Canada were set to bounce back with double-digit growth in 2021. But Mexico, with its poor economic outlook and “questionable handling of virus containment”, was pegged for only a 9% gain in 2021 from a 25% decline this year.
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